Saturday, January 1, 2005

Two MSE Faculty Awarded Tenure

Associate Professor Giovanni Zangari was awarded tenure.

Assistant Professor Leonid Zhigilei was promoted to Associate Professor and awarded tenure.

Doris Kuhlmann-Wilsdorf Elected TMS Fellow 2005

The highest honor bestowed by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, the honorary class of Fellow was established in 1962; Charter Fellows were inducted in 1963. To be inducted, a candidate must be recognized as an eminent authority and contributor within the broad field of metallurgy, with a strong consideration of outstanding service to the Society. The maximum number of living Fellows cannot exceed 100.

The following is an excerpt from a nomination letter.

...she has earned the respect and admiration of her colleagues and is recognized as the top contributor to understanding plasticity. She has devoted her entire career to developing this understanding in terms of low energy dislocation structures and has succeeded in using these structures to provide a unified approach that explains the details of the stages of work hardening, texture development, fatigue, creep, wear and other details of plasticity. For decades, she has been internationally recognized for her contributions to the field of plasticity. She extended her understanding of dislocation theory to give a basis for melting of metallic crystals, explaining the melting temperature and the localized structure of the liquid state. She won an award for that work in 1965. Bill Nix’s letter recognizes the dilemma of why she has not become a fellow of TMS before now. Being in her 80’s and of female gender adds motivation to bestow this award at this time.

There is a second dimension to her contributions. She has applied her knowledge of plasticity to sliding contacts and contact-spot wear in electrical brushes. Her success in this area has led to numerous patents and the development of metal fiber brushes that posses the highest current carrying capacity of any commercially available electric brush. Such a technical development stands to revolutionize electric motors and their uses. This work has resulted is the establishment of her company, HiPerCon. The list of patents and patent applications attest to the impact of her contributions in this area. Her creativity is outstanding and it is no surprise that her work on electric brushes lead to her thinking about how motors could be improved. Indeed such thought has resulted in the patenting of a new design for electric motors that exceeds performance of even superconducting motors on a per pound basis. The brilliance she demonstrates extends to the class room, to her students, and colleagues. Her joining the fellowship of TMS does both honor.

Leonid V. Zhigilei receives the National Science Foundation CAREER award for “Computer Modeling of Short Pulse Laser Interaction with Metals,” 2004.

This research program is aimed at obtaining a fundamental understanding of fast non-equilibrium processes induced by short pulse laser irradiation of metal surfaces as well as on the analysis of practical implications of the revealed physical picture for the advancement of laser technologies. The microscopic mechanisms of melting and recrystallization occurring under extreme superheating/undercooling conditions, parameters that define the glass forming ability in laser quenching, mechanisms of laser induced photomechanical damage and spallation, cluster ejection in laser ablation are among the research questions being addressed in this program.

Dmitriy Ivanov, a PhD student initially supported by this grant, graduated in November of 2004 and accepted a research position at the National Centre for Laser Applications, Galway , Ireland . Two graduate students, Zhibin Lin and William Duff, as well as an undergraduate student Carlos Sevilla are currently working on this research program. Stephen Guy, an undergraduate student majoring in Computer Engineering, is leading the development of an educational software package for high school students. The educational tool uses computer modeling as a medium to provide vivid illustrations of science phenomena discussed in school classrooms and to engage and fascinate students with science and engineering.
Computational Materials Group web site:

Jim Howe receives the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society's "Champion H. Mathewson Award."


The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society's Champion H. Mathewson Award, established in 1933, is awarded to an author(s) of a paper or series of closely related papers considered the most notable contribution to metallurgical science during the period under review.

James Howe

“Static and In-Situ High-Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Investigations of the Atomic Structure and Dynamics of Massive Transformation Interfaces in a Ti-Al Alloy”Metallurgical & Materials Transactions, vol. 33A, August 2002

Biography: James Howe is a professor and director of the Electron Microscope Facility at the University of Virginia. His current research emphasizes the application of high resolution and analytical transmission electron microscope techniques to study the mechanisms and kinetics of phase transformations in nanoparticles and the behavior of interphase boundaries at the atomic level

Prof. Howe has received several prestigious awards for his research, including a Presidential Young Investigator Award from the National Science Foundation in 1985, a Humboldt Senior Research Award from the von Humboldt Foundation in Germany in 1999, and the Materials Science Research Silver Medal from ASM International in 2000. He was elected a Fellow of ASM International in 1997.

Quote: “Metallurgical and Materials Transactions is one of the top journals in the field due to its excellent peer review system. To be recognized by this system as making a notable contribution to metallurgical or materials science is truly a great honor. TMS meetings are an ideal forum to exchange ideas and the research reported in this paper is an outcome of that process. It evolved over a period of several years based on discussions at various TMS meetings and was first presented during the Massive Transformation Symposium at the TMS Fall Meeting in 2002. It is particularly satisfying to share this award with fellow TMS members.”

—James Howe on behalf of the Champion B. Mathewson Award Winners